Will The Withdrawal Agreement Pass
The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286.
On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. If passed, the bill would be an „extremely serious violation“ of the withdrawal agreement and international law. The leadership is led by a joint committee made up of representatives from the European Union and the British government. There will be a number of specialized committees that will report to the joint committee. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  This bill aims to implement the agreement between the UK and the EU, in accordance with Article 50, paragraph 2, of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the terms of the UK`s exit from the EU. The British Parliament has passed Prime Minister Boris Johnson`s Brexit Act, which allows the UK to leave the EU.
The vote ends years of battle for the initial conditions of the British exit. On 23 June, almost 52% of British voters decided to leave the EU following a strong referendum campaign. Before the vote, the polls had shown a tight race with a slight lead for supporters of remaining in the EU. Conservative British Prime Minister David Cameron, who argued for Britain`s continued existence, acknowledged the „will of the British people“ and resigned the next morning. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the „backstop“) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a „hard“ border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  The EU and the UK are working to reach a zero tariff agreement with unlimited quotas.