Seafarers Work Agreement
Before signing, the seafarer must have the opportunity to examine the employment contract and to be advised. The shipowner shall ensure that copies of the employment contract are loaded on board for control purposes. for seagoing vessels flying the German flag that meet all the minimum requirements of the Maritime Labour Act and the MLC. The use of this type of agreement, which can be extended or adapted individually, is not mandatory. Prior to the establishment of the MDWC, most flag States required „crew agreements“ setting out the essential terms and conditions of service. The flag State had to approve the crew agreements before they were implemented by the ship, but a document was sufficient for the entire crew, signed by individuals upon boarding and exiting the ship. With the introduction of MLC, all that has changed. The MLC sets minimum requirements for almost all aspects of seafarers` working conditions – in fact, a „Bill of Rights“. In addition, signature items on Red Ensign-flagged vessels became obsolete when the MLC came into effect. Thus, any seafarer working on a commercial yacht must now have a Maritime Employment Contract (SEA) approved by the flag State. Apprentices whose sole purpose for working on a vessel is to receive training are considered seafarers within the meaning of the Convention on Maritime Navigation (Maritime Labour Convention) (minimum requirements for seafarers, etc.). The 2014 regulations should have a training contract with a training provider. This training agreement can be considered to be substantially equivalent to a SUP.
• The working conditions of a seafarer are defined or mentioned in a clear, legally enforceable written agreement, and must comply with the standards established by the code. • Every seafarer has the right to decent working and living conditions on board ships Since the entry into force of the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC), binding minimum standards apply worldwide to seafarers` employment contracts and the payment of wages. A contract of employment for seafarers must be signed by both the seafarer and the employer/shipowner. .